Category: Teknologi
Pages: 100
Year: 2001


PILI 680

Tahun        :  2001

Penulis       :  Nick Salafsky

Penerbit     :  Biodiversity Support Program (WWF-TNC-WRI)

Lokasi       :  Washington, DC, USA

Halaman    :  100 hlm (bw)

Ukuran      :  21 x 30 cm

Klas           :   65.012 BSP a

THE FIELD OF BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION is at an important point in its evolution. Over the past few decades, we have discovered why conservation, is important to maintain, life on Earth. We have identified many of the species and ecosystems that are at greatest risk of going extinct. And we have begun to develop tools and techniques that can help counter the growing threats to biodiversity.

At the same time, as the field matures, the conservation community is also facing a number of new and more difficult, challenges. Perhaps foremost amongst these is the recognition that, despite decades of hard work, hundreds of projects, thousands of trained professionals, and millions of dollars, we have not yet substantially slowed the destruction of forests, grasslands, and aquatic ecosystems. It is clear that business as usual is not a viable option and that newer, more powerful approaches must be tried.

Conservation practitioners are facing increasing pressure from donors, governments, local stakeholders, and society as a whole to demonstrate clear and tangible results. To this end, they are trying to develop workable monitoring and evaluation systems. Conservation practitioners are also challenged by limited financial and human resources to become more effective in using different tools and techniques in their work. As a result, they have begun examining what: works, what doesn't, and why. And. finally, conservation practitioners are being asked to capture what they have learned and pass it on to other practitioners so that we can avoid making the same mistakes over and over again and can begin generating new knowledge. They have thus begun to try to create learning projects and learning organizations.

Monitoring and evaluation, testing what works and what doesn't, and creating learning organizations are all components ot an approach called adaptiw management. Adaptive management is fundamentally a way of incorporating reflection. into action to enhance the practice of conservation and learning.

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